Shayarism Introducing The Wonderful World of Shayari.
What is Shayari?
The creativity of human mind is awesome. When working on something that it likes, the mind can create wonders. Urdu Poetry is one such brilliant way of expressing innermost thoughts that not only make the person who shares it feel enlightened, but also creates similar environment among those sitting around. Poetry mixed with music is nothing but giving a harmonious accord to words that are sung in a tune. Happiness, sadness, loneliness, ecstasy, freedom, attractiveness, romanticism, friendship, patriotism – anything can be expressed through this unique way of communication.
Shayari – A beautiful musical Urdu poetry allows a person to express the deepest feelings through words. It lets you explain sentiments in all their forms through rhythmic words. The journey of this wonderful form of poetry is long but full of excitement and enjoyment. While no can tell from where it originated and how old it is, its ability to touch hearts through expressive and desirous words is what has made it commendable.
Shayari has been utilized a lot to convey the sentiment of love. Beautifully written and narrated Shayari makes it easy for a lover to pour of heart in front of the lover. All over globe, millions of people have used this form of poetry to reach out to their loved ones. One of the most cherished forms of Shayari is done through romanticized verses. So much is the power in this form that it becomes soul stirring for those who hear it, Shayari is a loveable language among lovers because it also helps in healing the pain of broken heart and molding it easily from the nature of sadness. The funnier aspect of Shayari can help to bring out people from dark and enlighten their mood. A good verse plays a role of fresh air in the daily life of the person who hears it often and keeps the mind and heart enlightened. Shayari also bonds the heart of people and connect them into distinctive intimacy and interdependence.
Components of Shayari
Shayari essentially comprises of verse, or Sher. Its plural is called Ashaar. By combining multiple ashaar, a ghazal is formed. Each of these ashaar ideally conveys a complete thought, independent of other Shayari or verses in the same ghazal. Therefore, different ashaar belonging to the same ghazal can have different meanings and tones. Ashaar typically has two lines (also called Mishra – first line is labeled as ‘Mishra-e-oola’ and the second is called ‘Mishra-e-sani’). Each couplet embodies a single thought, subject or thing.
Understanding Its Terminology
To enjoy Shayari, one must understand its vocabulary. Following are the words commonly used in/for this poetry.
- Bait: Another term used for Shayari.
- Bait-Ul-Ghazal: The best sher in a ghazal, given this status on the basis of its meaning and positioning in the ghazal.
- Fard: Composition of only a single sher, complete in itself.
- Geet: Song or hymn that consists of few verses sung either alone or in chorus and a popular way of expressing innermost emotions.
- Ghazal (Ode): Literal meaning of the word ‘Ghazal’ is to communicate with one’s beloved. This word has originated from the Arabic work Ghizaal, implying gazelle – a poetic expression of feelings that has minimum of 5 verses and maximum 25. Every ghazal opens with a verse called Mukhda, and the lines following the mukhda smoothly rhyme with one another. The last verse usually contains the penname of the poet. There are many Urdu and Persian writers who have earned fame as ghazal writers, making it the soul of Urdu literature.
- Hamd: The words written in the praise of God or Allah.
- Hijv: The satirical version of the Shayari written to condemn or abuse a person. The nature of Hijv is considered low (cheap) and this type of poetry is generally avoided by reputed poets.
- Hazal: Poem with humorous subject.
- Husn-E-Matla: It’s the art of rhyming of the first two lines of a ghazal.
- Madah: A poem written in the praise of kings, warriors and patrons.
- Manqabat: Verses written in the admiration of Ahle-E-Bait (Holy Prophet and the family members).
- Marsiya: A poem written to honor the heroic acts of great men of Islamic history. These usually describe the fierce battle that was fought on the plains of Karbala in Iraq by the mighty Hazarat Imam Husain and his followers against the majestic army of Yazid. The poem also has some mourning content. Even a single verse written to mourn the death of a dear friend can be considered Marsiya, which has the sub parts of Noha and Soz that related to aching and burning of heart.
- Masnawi: An extensive and elongated epic poem depicting the great battles fought long ago and the historic events of earlier periods, usually flavored with philosophical or ethical themes. Some of the world-wide knows Masnawi are Masnavi-E-Roomi and Shah-Namah of Firdosi in Persian language and Zehar-E-Ishq in Urdu.
- Misra: One first line of a couplet, or verse.
- Munajat: An expressive couplet sung as a prayer to God.
- Musaddas: A combination of six lines or Misra. Maulana Altaf Husain Hali is considered the most famous writer of this type of poem till date.
- Mushaira: A convention of Urdu, Arabic or Hindi poets; a poet’s gathering.
- Naat: Poems written to go into raptures over of work of Holy Prophet.
- Nazm: A poem or prose that with a single thought or subject.
- Qafia: The melodious rhyming of the last lines of a poem.
- Qasida: A long poem written in Arabic, Urdu or Persian describing battles fought or won by kings, princes, warriors or the poet’s patron. The poem can be as long as the poet desires and sometimes may run into over two hundred lines.
- Qita: A poem fragmented into two ashaars, revolving around a single subject.
- Qawwali: Usually sung in sufi style by a group of people with musical instruments, these are devotional song expressing the oneness and love with God.
- Radeef: Every sher or ghazal, in addition to qafia may also have radeef, which is made by rhyming of the last three or four words.
- Salam: Recited by standing up, salam’s literal meaning is salutation.
- Sehra: A folk song sung at the time of wedding while tying Sehra on the groom, praising the culture and families of the bride or the groom.
- Takhallus: The pen name of the poet, by which he is known in the fictional world.
- Tarannum: The unique manner in which every poet recites poem.
- Wasokht: A sort of Urdu poem in which the discontentment and annoyance of a lover is narrated.
These are some of the terms used in Shayari. A listener of any language can enjoy the pleasures of Shayari as it requires an emotional heart to understand the prose and verses it. In short – it is the essence of Urdu poetry that has continued to offer joy and amusement to the realms of the past till the gatherings of today.
Shayari Meaning, Definition, Components, and All About Shayari.
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